Butyrate Production Pathway
Some microorganisms produce components for us that can improve our overall health. Some probiotic bacteria form such components, and ones that can be very beneficial produced in our digestive tract are called short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). A type of short-chain fatty acid produced by our gut bacteria from the fermentation of ingested food is butyric acid (butyrate).
How Butyrate is Produced by Our Gut Bacteria?
The process of butyric acid production by our gut microbiome is very complex but important.
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The formation of butyric acid a fermentation process that is undertaken by many different types of butyric acid-producing bacteria (most are Firmicutes), including Clostridium, Faecalibacterium, Eubacterium, and Roseburia using a biochemical process called glycolysis.
Why is Butyric Acid Important?
Butyric acid increases the production of mucus in our colon to prevent friction that might cause injury to the lining of the colon and also prevents harmful bacteria from entering the bloodstream via the colon.
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What Does Your Viome Butyrate Pathway Score Mean?
If your Viome butyrate pathway score is normal, then you have enough probiotic bacteria in your digestive tract to produce the short chain fatty acid, butyric acid. If your Viome butyrate pathway score needs improvement, it means that your microbiome has lower amounts of bacteria that produce butyric acid.